James G. Abourezk papers
This collection contains the papers of James Abourezk. The Congressional Activities group documents his career as a member of the United States House of Representatives (1971-1973) and United States Senator (1973-1979). The papers consist of correspondence, speeches, photographs, news releases, administrative files, and additional items relating to Abourezk's terms in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate. The Wounded Knee, 1973 group, consists of correspondence, interviews, photocopied material, and printed materials extending from 1972-1983. The bulk of the collection concerns the occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, in 1973 and the actions of the American Indian Movement and the U.S. government during the period of the occupation. Additional materials relate to the occupation of Alcatraz Island in 1969 and the takeover of the Bureau of Indian Affairs Building, in Washington, 1972.
- 1970 - 1983
- Abourezk, James G., 1931- (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
This collection has some restrictions. Researchers are advised to contact the Archives and Special Collections prior to visiting. Researchers must obtain Mr. Abourezk permission before using this collection. Contact the Archives and Special Collections to obtain Mr. Abourezk contact information and to obtain directions for transmitting the permission to the archives. In addition, some constituent files may be restricted.
Conditions Governing Use
Researchers must obtain a signed Permission to Publish Form if they wish to reproduce, broadcast, or otherwise disseminate information from published and unpublished works held by ASC. Permission to reproduce, broadcast, or otherwise disseminate information materials from ASC does not constitute permission from the holder of copyright or literary rights. The researcher is responsible for securing permission from the copyright holder to publish or reproduce content from materials found in the collections.
Biographical / Historical
James G. Abourezk, born in Wood, South Dakota, was the first Arab-American to serve in the United States Congress. Growing up on the Rosebud Reservation, he attended schools in Wood and Mission. After high school, Abourezk served in the United States Navy from 1948-1952. He graduated from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology with a civil engineering degree in 1961. He attended the University of South Dakota Law School and was admitted to the South Dakota bar in 1966. After a successful election on the Democratic ticket, Abourezk served in the United States House of Representatives from 1971 to 1973. He won the 1972 campaign for the Senate seat vacated by Karl Mundt. Abourezk served in the Senate from 1973 to 1979 when he decided not to run for re-election. He was chair of the Senate American Indian Policy Review Commission (1976), chair of the Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs (1977 to 1979), and a member of the Senate Budget, Judiciary, and Energy and Natural Resources committees. His signature legislation was the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA, 1978). He supported Arab causes in the Middle East, he fought for Indian rights, and he was one of the leaders in a filibuster against a natural gas deregulation bill. After leaving the Senate, Abourezk practiced law in Washington, D.C. before returning to South Dakota.
565 Linear Feet (approximately 1019 document boxes, 10 record cartons, and 10 assorted sizes)
Language of Materials
This collection contains materials primarily related to the work of James G. Abourezk during his time as United States representative and senator from South Dakota.
The James G. Abourezk Papers has been arranged into two record groups: Congressional activities and Wounded Knee, 1973. The Congressional activities group has five series: Correspondence, News releases, News clippings, Miscellaneous, and Other. Material is not sorted or arranged beyond the series level. The Wounded Knee, 1973 group has seven series: Correspondence, Manuscripts, Interviews, Documents, Court Transcripts, Printed Materials, and Newspaper clippings.
- Alcatraz Island (Calif.) -- History -- Indian occupation, 1969-1971 Subject Source: Library Of Congress Subject Headings
- Civil rights demonstrations -- Washington, D. C.--20th century Subject Source: Library Of Congress Subject Headings
- Energy policy -- United States Subject Source: Library Of Congress Subject Headings
- Indians of North America -- Government relations Subject Source: Library Of Congress Subject Headings
- Legislators--United States Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- South Dakota -- Politics and government Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Stewart Lee Udall Department of the Interior Building (Washington, D. C.) -- History Subject Source: Local sources
- United States -- Politics and government -- 20th century Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- University of South Dakota -- Alumni and Alumnae Subject Source: Local sources
- Wounded Knee (S.D) -- History -- Indian occupation, 1973 Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- James G. Abourezk papers
- Mary Ellen Ducey for record group Wounded Knee
- 1999 for record group Wounded Knee
- Language of description
- Script of description
Part of the USD Archives and Special Collections Repository